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Types of Airport. Airport is every place fit or equipped for the landing and take off of aircraft, and it is a wide area of land far from natural obstacles and its soil free from slopes and bearing the weight of aircraft

Let's go on a tour to learn about the types and shapes of airports, the most famous of them, as well as the most important airport landmarks in the world

Types of airports

Paved landing ground

It is a large area of flat land free of obstacles with strong soil or cultivated with grass and bear the weight of the plane, and the landing ground is often used to receive small aircraft and paragliding, and it is also used to receive aircraft during emergencies

An equipped airport with several lanes or one corridor

The air transportation network within one country or between countries and some of them cannot completed without the establishment of a group of major and additional airports

Major airports

Equipped to receive aircrafts of different types and provide all kinds of assistance needed for them and their passengers

Whether in the air or on the ground, and since the main airports occupy large areas, so they originate outside cities

And move away from them until they are safe from obstacles, and are equipped with corridors that can be rushed by aircraft during Take off and landing

Additional airports

They are more numerous and are usually found at close distances to the main airlines for use in case of emergency, or for internal transport in which small aircraft are used, and their services are limited

The equipped airports divided into a group of sections, the most important of which is the following


(International Airport (International Air Port

It is an airport equipped to serve foreign civil lines, and it can receive all types of aircraft

And it can receive more than one plane simultaneously due to the presence of several corridors, and it provides all types of services, and it is often found in the capitals of countries

Domestic airport

It is an airport equipped to serve domestic civil airlines (between cities of the same country, and often it has one corridor and has limited services

The air base

It is an equipped airport for the operation of a large number of military aircraft

Air corridor

It is a flat ground with a small runway suitable for the takeoff and landing of small aircraft and training aircraft

It receives seaplanes, which is the surface of a lake or swamp where the water surface is calm, and all airport facilities are on land

(Floating airport (aircraft carrier

It is a warship equipped with a rooftop corridor designated for take-off and landing of aircraft, and has places for the lower floors to store and maintain aircraft, stores for aircraft ammunition, and accommodation for pilots and crew of the aircraft carrier

Helicopter airports

Helicopters can land on any patch of flat ground, whether it is cobbled or sandy, provided that it is free from obstacles so that no obstacle interferes with the path of the rotating wing, which rotates in a plane parallel to the surface of the earth

Read more Most Important Inforamtion About DFW Airport

The most important landmarks inside the airports 

Corridors

It is the place of take off and landing of aircraft, which is through the surface level free of burrs and holes, paving asphalt and its surface is smooth, and it may consist of flat concrete squares, and the airport contains several corridors or one corridor

With the emergence of modern aircraft and huge jets - the need to equip airports with long corridors whose surface covered with a thick layer of reinforced concrete, and the length and number of corridors depend on the size of the airport and the extent of air traffic passing through it

Whatever the number of lanes, they are established according to fixed engineering rules, governed by the size of the airport, its location in relation to the surrounding obstacles, the height of these obstacles, and their distance from the first lanes

Examples of this

Tangent pathways

It considered the easiest way to organize the movement of aircraft

And the airport buildings are located in the center of the lanes grouping, and the beginning of each lane is from the airport center without intersecting, and these airports are designed for areas where the direction of the wind varies constantly

Triangle method

This method is designed for airports that pass by a large number of aircraft, and their corridors are three in the form of a triangle, the longest of which is in the direction of the prevailing winds, and the airport buildings and the control tower are on the side of the main corridor back

Star-shaped corridors

By creating two parallel corridors in each of the three directions, so that these six lanes overlap in the shape of a six-pointed star, and the airport facilities are in the middle, and access to them is through an underground tunnel

Sub Corridors

They are specific secondary routes in which aircraft travel to take off or to reach hangars or terminals

Threshold sign

They are white longitudinal lines that mark the beginning of the corridor, and define its end, and they extend to include the first third of the corridor.

Corridor axis

A white longitudinal line along the longitudinal lane axis to assist the pilot to land in the middle of the lane

Lighthouses

The airport provided with two light beacons, the first which gives white and green lights on the relay

 which helps the pilot to distinguish the airport at a distance depending on the strength of the lighthouse, visibility and altitude of the plane, and the second is located on the borders of the airport and can be seen from a close distance and gives the name of the airport in international Morse letters)two or three letters)

Corridors lights

The corridors are marked at night by two lines of red lights

And the middle of the corridor is marked by a long line of strong lights interrupted by several parallel lines of lights, each 300 feet apart, and the threshold of the corridor is marked by a line of red lights, in the case of good visibility

In the case of poor visibility, the lights of the corridor threshold, the two sides, and the intersecting lines are yellow, the half line is white, and the lane threshold lights are green, and in some airports there are interrupt line lights on both sides of the corridor and the half line dispensed

Let's get to know the best airports in the world

Singapore Changi Airport

Tokyo Haneda International Airport

Hamad International Airport (Doha, Qatar)

Incheon International Airport (South Korea)

Munich International Airport (Germany)

Hong Kong International Airport

Narita International Airport (Tokyo)

Chubu Centrair International Airport (Nagoya, Japan)

Amsterdam Airport Schiphol

Kansai International Airport (Osaka, Japan)

 

 

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