اعلان الهيدر

Definition for Eco Tourism. Ecotourism or natural tourism is defined as that recreational and recreational type of self that illustrates the relationship between tourism and the environment, or in other words how the environment around us is employed to represent a type of tourism that the individual resorts to for enjoyment, as ecotourism is nothing but a natural pleasure. Enjoyment in everything natural that exists around us in the land and marine environment, and ecotourism has been defined by the Global Environment Fund as “traveling to natural areas that have not been polluted and their natural balance has not been disturbed, in order to enjoy their sights, plants, wild animals and civilizations in the past and present.

In other words, ecotourism can defined as a visit or travel to natural areas that relatively exposed to any damage, in order to enjoy nature and any present and past cultural features that accompany it. This tourism is environmentally responsible in that it promotes the preservation of the natural site, causing the least possible damage to nature and its resources.

Ecotourism is part of sustainable tourism, its foundations stem from the environmental, economic and social aspects, and it actively participates in preserving the national natural and cultural heritage. It works on the participation of local people and their contribution to planning and developing projects, thus reducing the population displacement towards major cities.

It considered a type of nature tourism, during which the tourist enjoys walking or riding boats in natural areas with guides to explain the aspects of the natural environment of plants and animals.


Definition for Eco Tourism

Ecotourism considered a promising market as a global specialized industry, which estimated at hundreds of billions of dollars in direct spending, unlike other indirect revenues and jobs provided by this huge market. Where Egypt distinguished by its possession of natural, civilizational and cultural heritage, moderate climate throughout the year, the originality of the people and its history, and the diversity of tourist destinations that are not matched by other sites in the world. 2011, which provides 200 thousand job opportunities annually. This done in close cooperation between the Ministries of Tourism and Environment.


The most important ecotourism areas in Egypt

Scuba diving and marine sports

Egypt has a rare chain of coral reefs that include more than 250 species of coral along 1,500 kilometers in the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba, accompanied by thousands of other marine creatures. This system is considered the second barrier reef in the world, after the Great Barrier Reef in Australia. Egypt is classified in the second or third place in the world of diving, according to the vitality and diversity of the diving sites, and some of its regions are considered first internationally.

In the Mediterranean, the ruins of the city of Alexandria during the reign of Alexander the Macedonian and the naval military campaigns against Egypt. This includes a rich diversity of diving attractions.

Although tourism development in the Red Sea and South Sinai represents 60 percent of tourism in Egypt, and it has more than 300 diving centers, it does not acquire only about 5 percent of the global diving market. This is inconsistent with the potential and natural richness of diving tourism in Egypt

Desert tourism and safari

Desert tourism is a new tourism, which has increased in popularity in recent years with the growth of ecotourism and those who love traveling and excursions. This type has a special appeal to nature lovers, as it includes purity and breathtaking beauty, geological treasures and wonderful geographical formations, fossils that record the ages of history and tell the biography of life that became extinct, forests that disappeared, rivers that dried up and seas that receded before history. Then the formations of mountains and valleys and the movement of sand dunes take the hearts of tourists. And the wildlife that they see, although sometimes scarce, attracts the attention of a large sector of visitors because of the scientific, tourism and genetic value it reflects.

Egypt, with an area of ​​about one million square kilometers, is part of this desert, which divided by the Nile Valley into a western part by 68 percent, which is the Western Sahara, an eastern part by 22 percent,

 which is the Eastern Desert, and the Sinai Peninsula by 6 percent. The deserts of Egypt have a long history since the Stone Age, the people, the Pharaohs, the Persians, Alexander, the Second World War and the battles of modern wars. It is a stronghold of religions, the path of the Holy Family and the paths of pilgrims. It is rich in many minerals, mines, and fossils of dinosaurs and whales. It includes unique oases with its abundant springs, indigenous communities, ancient heritage and traditional products. The deserts of Egypt shrouded in many secrets and mysteries, which made it an attractive location for the journeys of explorers and researchers in the depths of history.

Bird watching

Due to Egypt's geographical and strategic location on the paths of migratory birds, large numbers of these birds that migrate to Africa in the winter and return to Europe in the fall. It uses well-known and monitored international routes on its travels.

In Egypt, there are many sites for sheltering, monitoring and controlling these birds, which are mainly the humid areas in the Mediterranean, the Red Sea, the northern and inland islands and lakes, as well as the delta, the Nile, oases, mangrove forests, and others. Birds constitute the largest biological diversity of non-aquatic vertebrates in the country, and include more than 470 known species. However, most of them do not breed in Egypt, and they cross or remain there throughout the winter.

Bird watching is a high-end form of high-spending tourism, which spends long periods of time in residence and transportation within the country. The specialized tourist can observe hundreds of species in the path of their migration on the coasts, in addition to his enjoyment of seeing what the ancient inscriptions recorded on monuments and temples, from the interest of the pharaohs in birds and their connection with their lives and well-being.

Eco-hospitalization tourism

In Egypt, there are about 28 sites suitable for environmental hospital tourism, in the governorates of South and North Sinai, the Red Sea, Matrouh, New Valley, Aswan, Fayoum and others. There are hundreds of natural and sulfur springs and wells whose water temperatures range between 30 and 73 degrees Celsius, and contain proportions of natural minerals that help treat skin and rheumatic diseases. There are sand sites with natural and radioactive elements that help in the treatment of psoriasis and rheumatoid when the body buried in the sand for measured treatment periods.

Some natural healing sites with a global reputation have spread in Egypt, which need strengthening, care, and preservation of the natural resources

That depend Suffice it to say that there are around 24 million psoriasis patients in the world seeking natural treatment, and the Egyptian region of Safaga is a major destination for them.

Nile cruises

The Nile River is the longest river in the world, and around it the valley that has drawn the character of Egypt throughout history and the lives of Egyptians in the past and present was formed.

 Nile cruises have become a unique experience for tourists, who enjoy the rural river  banks with their good originality and striking beauty along the valley, and they are inspired by the creations of Pharaonic antiquities and arts that carried the banner of a great civilization,

 As they see 144 islands in the course of the Nile and its branches are declared nature reserves.

Hundreds of boats and boats operate in the field of Nile tourism that need more attention and facilities. This tourism requires the cooperation of many parties to maintain the purity of the river's water and the integrity of its course, the development of marinas, the proper disposal of waste, the good management of the islands, the regulation of the activities of boats and boats, and the provision of safety throughout the trips.

Watch natural phenomena

Numerous sites in Egypt are replete with the clarity of its sky, which allows the observation of stars and astronomical phenomena in areas that are not 'polluted' by lights. There are geological formations that represent rare cases of changes in the universe over millions of years, and fossils of life that ceased to exist over the ages simulate the history of the Earth. These topics are attractive to scientific and research tourism that are able to spend and love nature, and can linked with multiple tourism elements.


The increasing demand in Egypt of frequenting eco-hotels with an architectural style compatible with the nature of the region and integrated 

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